References Resource

Therapeutic Carbohydrate Restriction

General Resources

Implementation (Inc. Remote/Group/Low Resource), Consensus Statements, Hospital based interventions, Possible complications, Books

Metabolic Disorders

Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease, NAFLD, Kidney function, Reproductive Health etc.

Neurological Disorders

Epilepsy, Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases, Migraine, Autism Spectrum Disorder and other neurodevelopmental disorders etc.

Other Conditions

which may have features of metabolic dysregulation that respond to dietary intervention e.g. Mental Health, Inflammation, Cancer, Respiratory function, Immune function etc.

Other Interventions

Exercise (Military Applications included here), Fasting, Time Restricted Eating


Printable resources for sharing (Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes, NAFLD, Menopause, ASD/ADHD) and monthly research roundups

The studies included represent an expansion of the concepts
introduced in the three papers below.

Categories where evidence is stronger include MetS, T2DM, CVD risk parameters and Epilepsy (see recent review by Sukkar et al). Other areas are emerging evidence and the articles available to date reflect this. Some of the studies use diets that are therapeutic in effect with features of carbohydrate restriction such as gluten free or emphasise unprocessed foods etc – this is particularly in areas where the evidence is emergent.

  1. Paoli A, Rubini A, Volek JS, Grimaldi KA. Beyond weight loss: a review of the therapeutic uses of very-low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013;67(8):789-796. doi:10.1038/ejcn.2013.116
  2. Ludwig DS. The Ketogenic Diet: Evidence for Optimism but High-Quality Research Needed. J Nutr. 2019 doi:10.1093/jn/nxz308
  3. Noakes TD, Windt J. Evidence that supports the prescription of low-carbohydrate high-fat diets: a narrative review. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51(2):133-139. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096491

The articles included are representative of the literature to date, but not exhaustive.

A special thanks to Sarah Rice for researching and curating these references

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